Complications of Bunions

Most cases of bunions do not cause any problems, but it is important to know that a bunion is a progressive condition and that bump will never go away unless surgically corrected. However, if a bunion is left alone or no preventive measures have been done to slow down the its progression, the bunion could get worse and cause complications.

Below are some complications of an untreated bunion:

1.       Worsening foot deformity. If no preventive measures done, the joint will slowly but surely protrude outwards. Also, using improper footwear like wearing tight shoes or pointy high heels can hasten the progression of a bunion.

2.       Foot pain. Pain is typically the reason why people with bunions seek medical attention. Bunion pain can vary from mild to severe. In severe case, pain can be debilitating and could alter one’s lifestyle.

3.       Arthritis. Due to the abnormal position of the toe joint, the protruding bone gets irritated constantly due to bumps or scratches in the shoe, causing pain and swelling. Due to this repetitive trauma to the joint, arthritis can form. This is a terrible combination having bunion and arthritis because it causes severe pain.

4.       Metatarsalgia. This is a condition that causes inflammation and pain under the balls of the foot.  Pain is commonly aggravated when walking and running.

5.       Bursitis. Around our foot there are strategically placed pillow-like cushions called bursas, which act as a shock absorbers to prevent injury to the joints. Inflammation of the bursa or bursitis occurs due to the abnormal position of the head of the metatarsal bone and the base of the toe joint.

When it comes to bunions, it is always good to find out preventive measures to prevent its progress which inevitably lead to bunion pains. If you think you have a small bunion or if you have a family history of bunions, always seek advice from your podiatrist. There are several modalities to help address bunion pain, there are also preventive measure to slow down the progress of bunions. When surgery is needed, ask your podiatrist if they are familiar with minimally invasive bunion surgery, as this is the most accepted technique for treating bunions to date. It provides minimal pain and swelling, fast recovery time and it gets you back on your feet sooner compared to other bunionectomy techniques.

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